Common Fishing Techniques
When it comes to fishing, one size does not fit all, and that is why anglers have developed a number of different fishing techniques for everyday use. The fishing technique which an angler uses can depend on personal preference, the type of fish which they are hoping to catch and the type of water that they are fishing in. Here is a brief explanation of some of the most common fishing techniques:
Live Lining and Trolling using live bait
Live lining is usually one of the first techniques that new anglers learn. To begin live lining, hook your live bait onto a line which has a bobber or a cork on it, and then drop it gently into the water, so as not to harm the bait. Allow the bait to swim freely on the line, so that it can attract the attention of fish. The bobber will help to keep your bait at your chosen depth and it can help to alert you to a fish bite if the bobber dips below the surface. Once you believe that you have a fish bite, you can begin to reel it in.
Berley or Chumming
Berley/Chumming is the name given to a technique where additional bait (or chum) is thrown into the water close to the fishing site to help to attract fish. “Chum” can be pieces of ground-up fish or anything else which may attract other fish to feed. The idea behind throwing chum into the water is that it will attract a lot more attention from fish than a single piece of bait would, therefore increasing the likelihood that fish will come close to the fishing area.
Cast and Retrieve using artificial lures
Choose a lure depending on what you are fishing for and then cast your lure out on a line towards your intended target. Allow it to fall to the desired depth and then retrieve the lure by reeling it back it. Control the speed and the movement of the lure to attempt to mimic the movements of a swimming fish. This will help you to attract fish who hope that your lure is a tasty morsel. If you do not get a bite, cast the lure again and repeat the process. It may take a while for new anglers to learn the correct lure retrieval techniques, as different types of lures require different movements to help them to attract fish.
Jigging is a great method to teach those who are new to the world of angling; however it is also one of the most active methods. Choose a lure (preferably a spoon) and cast or drop it straight down. Wait for a few seconds or until you feel the lure hit the bottom and then quickly bring your rod tip up by snapping or popping your wrist. Let the lure fall again and repeat the process until you feel a fish bite. You may need to reel down a little bit in order to keep the line tighter in case of a strike.